So this post is slightly different to what I usually do, but go with me.
Today I had a first aid training course at work (one of many that I’ve completed in my time as a carer) and it made me realise that not everyone knows what they would do if they were faced with a situation that called for emergency first aid.
So, to administer first aid you follow the DRSABC procedure. Sometimes there’s D but I’ll explain that later.
D – DANGER. When confronted with someone who appears to have had an accident first check for any dangers around them. Electricals, gas, traffic etc. Sometimes these hazards are the cause of the accident so be wary of that too.
R – RESPONSE. Check for a response from the person. Shout their name if you know it. Gently shake their shoulders if necessary. Ask “Hello, can you hear me?”.
S – SHOUT. Shout for help. If you’re in a public place help shouldn’t be hard to find. If you’re on your own you can always get your phone out, dial 999, put it on speaker and get help from the dispatch opperator.
A – AIRWAY. Ensure the persons airway is open. To do this, gently tilt their head back, place two fingers under the chin and lift it up. If there’s is any visible obstructions you can take your little finger and sweep the back of the throat. DO NOT stick your fingers in the persons throat to try and find/remove a blockage.
B – BREATHING. After you’ve ensured the airway is clear check for normal breathing. Place your cheek over the persons nose and mouth and look directly down the length of their body. You’re checking to see a rise and fall of their chest or if you can feel air on your cheek.
If the person is breathing this is where you would place them into the recovery position If not this is where you dial 999 (if you haven’t already).
C – CPR. If the person’s breathing is not apparent, or normal, then start administering CPR. To start chest compressions place the palm of one hand on the center of the persons chest, place your other hand over the top and interlock your fingers. If you’re administering rescue breaths (which are vital for a child and MUST be done before the first 30 compressions) then give 30 compressions – at a rate of about 2 a second, and then two breaths. To administer breaths pinch the persons nose and blow into their mouth until their chest rises. If you choose not to administer rescue breaths (it’s very much personal preference when it comes to adults) then administer compressions (about 2 a second) at a depth of about 5-6cm. Continue doing chest compressions until help arrives, someone else comes to relieve you, or the person starts breathing normally.
(NOT ALWAYS APPLICABLE)
D – DEFIBRILLATOR. If you’re in a place where an AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) is available send one person to go and retrieve it while you continue with compressions. The defibrillators are fully automatic and will talk you through the steps of what to do. You DO NOT need to have training to use one. If the AED is unable to administer a shock continue with your CPR.
I know that if you ever find yourself in a situation where this needs to be done (been there myself) there’s a good chance you’ll forget the tiny specifics. However, if this helps you feel the slightest bit more confident in doing CPR then I’ve done my job. I pray you’ll never have to use it but it’s good to know.
Have a lovely weekend. Much love, L x